A Closer Look: Demand Satisfied
The complexity of this new SDG indicator can be illustrated by comparing Niger and Djibouti. Both countries had nearly identical levels of demand satisfied by a modern method in 2016 (42.5% and 43.3%), but modern contraceptive prevalence among married or in-union women in Djibouti is nearly one and a half times greater than in Niger. The reason for the relatively high demand satisfied in Niger despite this lower mCPR is that unmet need for modern contraceptives is low (19.5%) as compared to Djibouti (30.5%). As can be seen in the figure below, 35 out of 100 married or in-union women
in Niger have a demand for modern contraception, compared to 54 out of 100 in Djibouti. This means that in Niger, the majority of married or in-union women (65 in 100) are considered to not have a need for family planning. Because of the much lower overall need in Niger, they are able to have a similar level of demand satisfied as Djibouti with much lower levels of contraceptive use. Based on experience from other countries, we expect the need for modern contraception to increase as fertility desires begin to shift, and more women want to limit their family sizes.
16. By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive healthcare services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programs
17. Women who are currently pregnant or postpartum amenorrheic whose pregnancy/last births were wanted at the time are considered not to be in need. However, pregnant or postpartum amenorrheic women whose pregnancy/last births were wanted later or not at all are considered to have an unmet need.
18. Fabic MS, Choi Y, Bongaarts J, Darroch JE, Ross JA, Stover J, et al. Meeting demand for family planning within a generation: the post-2015 agenda. Lancet. 2014; 385: 1928–31. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4393371/
19. Note: these figures represent weighted regional averages.